The Basque Country




Here in French Polynesia we are working on history and geography. Can you answer please to our questions ? Thank you very much <3 <3

- Can you tell us something about the "Fueros" system ?
Fueros are the set of laws with rules, rights and privileges that we had in the Basque Country in the past. Before there weren't wrote but they existed, started writing in the Middle Age and they lasted until 1876, when Alfonso XII abolished them.
After that, in 1978, the systen we have nowadays was changed. With this system,called "Economic Agreement", the Basque Country still has freedom in some political and economical aspects and they save a lot of our traditions.

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Iraia and Nerea
The Fueros are the result of an agreement. The laws decided on at large meetings where delegates represented communities. These local assemblies were held in Guernica under the Great Oak, an important symbol of Basque identity. The Fueros were not written in legal code until twelfth century. The Fueros were extremely important to the Basques because they were their unique identity and centuries-old customs and traditions.

The Fueros systems of the Basque Provinces are some general laws, that these territories gave themselves in an historical moment in which enjoyed a great autonomy. The Fueros system was composed of a set of rules which served to regulate the administration. They were formed by the accumulation of customs that obeyed a peculiar mindset. One of its main characteristics is the flexibility to adapt to different situations being experienced by society. The legal system we know today as Fueros was based on neighborhood councils, which were represented at the General Meeting, the supreme governing body of each territory.

The three territories that today make up the Basque Autonomous Community were incorporated into the Crown of Castile from the year 1200, keeping its traditional institutions. In this way, kings recognized these communities their free zone rights; such as not paying taxes to the crown, release ofexercise of arms and respect for their free internal organization. Throughout the nineteenth century the Basque people were losing the peculiarities that characterized them, culminating this process with military defeats that supposed the three Carlist Wars. Thus, by a law on the 21st July 1876 the Fueros system was repealed. Sixty years after its abolition, on the 1st October 1936, the Republican Parliament approved a Statute of Autonomy that made possible the first Basque Government. The arrival of democracy to the Spanish State resulted in the Statute of Autonomy of Gernika, approved by referendum in 1979 and in whitch the Basque Country was established as an Autonomous Comunity.
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- What are the languages spoken in basque country ?
In the Basque Country there are three official languages: Spanish, French and Basque but only Basque and Spanish are official. In the Spanish part of the Basque Country people speak Spanish, and in the French part they speak French; Basque is spoken all over the territory, but in some parts more than in others.
Basque was lost because it was got prohibited for some years during the dictatorship, because of that Spanish is most used and the radio, TV, most of the newspapers... are in Spanish
Basque is classified as aa isolated language , that means, that it is a language with no demonstrable genetic relations with other languages. It is also one of the oldest languages in Europe
The basque have got a lot of different dialect that are naimed Euskalki. In each province or even in each village is a different use of the language. For example, in basque you can say we are in different forms depending from the place: In Araba, bagare; in Gipuzkua bagera; in Zuberoa, bagire; and in Bizkaia, Nafarroa and Lapurdi bagara. You can see it in a song with this link:Have a look to our PREZI, in this page, at the top and you can learn about the situation of our language, Euskara, in the different territories.
Some years ago we created the Euskara Batua (United Baque). This is a unificated language mixing the different dialects. We use it in the media, the school and the administration

Actually, Basque isn´t spoken by everyone. It is spoken by approximately 680,000 people, which represents a quarter of the inhabitants of the Basque Country. In the past there was a dictatorship when the Basque language was forbidden. During this period, the language was not taught in schools, children and adults were severely punished when they spoke in Basque and families couldn´t baptize their kids with any name in Basque. So a lot of parents don´t know Basque.
When that dictator ( he was called Franco) died the Basque language started again being a language spoken of the Basque Country

- We know that some of you want to be independant. Can you explain us why do you want to be independent ?

In other countries, such us Germany and Italy, people have fought for the unity and independence of the zones that have in common a language, a lifestyle and cultural aspects that differenciate them from other places. The same happens in The Basque Country, the basque people speak a different language and have a different culture from "Spanish" culture (it's hard to lump it together since each region is so different). They don't feel like they are a part of the country, basically, and they do feel that they should have a separate country for themselves.
Amaia and Irati
The Basques were independent until 1200, and wish to become independent again. We are so different from Spain, speaking for example about culture; we have our own language, dances, sports, literature... that we don´t feel spanish. Because Spain also have its own culture.

The Basque independence movement appeared about 150 years ago. In the context of the recent industrialization, the Basque society was changing and some people started feeling they were not part of Spain. Pro-independence ideology started spreading and getting power, and today this way of thinking is very usual. The Basque Country is a nation, with its own language, culture, traditions and way of thinking. For this reason some people defend the idea of the independence, they do not feel Spanish. In addition, it is some people’s view that the best way to preserve these values is to become independent from Spain.

Blanca Atxa

- What is the historical signification of the 12th october ?
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The 12th october is the Spanish national day, known as “Día de la Hispanidad” (day of hispanity) , “Día de la Raza” (day of the race) or “Día del Pilar” (day of the Lady of the Pillar). Historically, it remember with the arrival of Christopher Columbus to America, on the 12th october 1492. This day is also celebrated in the USA (Columbus Day) and in various Latin American countries (Día de la Raza) and remember the obliteration ancient tribes. It also coincides with the day of Our Lady of the Pillar, the Patroness of Spain. Since 2000, October 12th has also been Spain's Day of the Armed Forces, celebrated each year with a military parade in Madrid.

On this day it is usually done a gastronomic and cultural fair, they also give touristic information, craftwork, documentaries and traditional music of the represented countries. In the afternoon they usually play music festivals.

However, even having a free day at school or work, we don’t usually celebrate this day in the Basque Country. In the last years, there has been a movement against the celebration of this day. Some people are against of celebrating this day because the "discovery" of America in the XV century caused the massacre of lots of people and destroyed different cultures in America. Other people don't want to celebrate it just because they don’t really feel Spanish.

In this video you can see the military parade that takes place in Madrid every 12th October.

- Have you got another national day ?

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Yes, in the Basque Country, we've got "Aberri Eguna" in English it means Fatherland Day.
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It's a holiday coinciding with Easter Sunday which has its roots in the Basque nationalist movement.

It started because Sabino Arana, who was the creator of the Basque nationalism, discovered what was his homeland, which was The Basque Country.
It was first organised by the Basque Nationalist Party on 27 April 1932 in Bilbao, then consisting of a demonstration of some 65,000 participants.

We are going to say how we celebrate this day:
-We claim the independence of The Basque Country, doing concentracions, demonstrations and making social parties.

Peio and Libe

- Can you explain us your autonomous status?

Auto (each) + Nomos (law)
It is the ability that has a town to decide its organization.
The State of autonomies would be the opposite of the centralist State.
Thanks to the autonomic system, some competencias of the state are in charge of autonomy, for example, health, education...
The first statute of the Basque Autonomy, was accepted in 1936 in the context of the civil war. In the time of Franco, it was repealed this statute political dictatorships the subject.
In the return of democracy, (since Franco died) work of recovering Autonomy began, and in conclusion, 1979 was accepted. Nowadays, the statute of Gernika which is in force.
According to this document, Bizkaia, Araba and Gipuzkoa completed the autonomous community. Although Nafarroa has the right to participate.
external image ehmapaeus.gif external image Parlamento_vasco_1.jpgThe parliament of Vitoria

The Association that is completed more or less with 2,200,000 inhabitants has a Parliament in Vitoria, the Executive power (the President and his councillor) and the Tribunal Superior of the autonomous community of the Basque country.
The main powers: the health service, education, security, roads...
The two languages are official: Basque and Spanish.
With the State Treasury, we contacted through the economic agreement, i.e., we have our own management skills and direct administration of some taxes and we send to the State the quota (an agreed-upon amount of money).
Although the population is small, the autonomous community of the Basque country has the volume of large industry and is one of Spain's wealthiest areas, 117, 1% GDP per capita addressed in Europe. The most important reasons for that, is the tradition of strong industry.

We are an Autonomous Community because we have got the Fueros system. With this system we have got some laws adjusted to us, our own goverment system and our own police force, although we depend in other aspects to the country.

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This is our police force.

- What is the Guernica tree for you?
The Gernika tree
The Gernika tree

The Gernika Tree is a symbol of freedom for us. The Bizkaia Man sweared to respect the Fueros under the Gernika Tree. It has got two meanings, one the Basque pride and the feedomn, and the other the bombing, in Guernica take place the first blitz. They started thinking to cut down the tree and replace it.

In European forest zones it has been common to have sacred trees and even now some of the rituals and believes remain in the Basque Country. This way, the Gernika tree is an oak tree and it's meaning is related to religious believes in which trees are adored. This sacred tree is located in front of the "Batzarretxea" of Gernika and it's very meaningful due to different reasons.
First of all, it's a universal symbol of basque people, culture and traditions, of freedom and of nationalism. Nowadays, it has taken a meaning of peace too.
It's very significant because the third oak tree planted there survived the bombing of Gernika ,by the fascists, during the spanish Civil War, on 26th April 1937.
In addition, it's important because there the person who was known as the Lord of Bizkaia, swore in front of it that he was go
The emblem of Bizkaia
The emblem of Bizkaia
ing to protect and respect the "fueros" system. This was the first act made by the person who belonged to the royalty and had received through heritage the title of the Lord of Bizkaia which made that person owner of the territory.
It can be said that is also a representative symbol of Bizkaia and it appears on the official emblem of this territory and
many other unofficial emblems.
The roots of this symbol date back to the XIV century, when first oak tree called "Aita Haritza" (the oak father") was planted. After that, many other oak trees born from the first one have been planted. Moreover, many sprouts that come from this sacred tree have been planted all over the world, including places like New York, Rome and Mexico.

Moreover, there's a unofficial anthem written by José María Iparraguirre, a basque musician, called "Gernikako arbola" which speaks about this tree. Here's the song:



- What are your Tourist attraction?
In our contry ome of the turist attractions is the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao:

The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is a museum of modern and contemporary art,
designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry,
and located in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain.
The museum was inaugurated on October 18, 1997,
by the former King Juan Carlos I of Spain.
Another tourist attraction is Gaztelugatxe:

Gaztelugatxe is an island on the coast of Bizkaia
belonging to the municipality of Bermeo, Basque Country (Spain).
It is connected to the mainland by a man-made bridge.
On top of the island stands a hermitage called Gaztelugatxeko Doniene.

To reach the top you have to climb 232 stairs!!!

The best seasons to visit are spring and autumn.
An other can be the castle of Butrón:

Butrón is a castle located in Gatika, in the province of Bizkaia,
in northern Spain.It dates originally from the Middle Ages,
although it owes its present appearance to an almost complete
rebuilding begun by Francisco de Cubas (also known as Marqués de Cubas) in 1878.
The castle has a fairy-tale look about it inspired by Bavarian castle models.
The present building was created as a hobby for its then owner
and to create something which is visually spectacular
rather than to produce something in which people could actually live.
In fact it would be quite inconvenient as a home as the towers have little useful space
and various parts of the castle have exterior connections
which are not particularly apt for the wet Basque weather.
The building is surrounded by a park which includes palms and exotic plants.
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Also another tourist atracttion can be the beach of la Concha:

It is in San Sebastian (in Gipuzkoa) and it is one of the most famous urban beaches in Europe. It is 1350 meters long and 40 meters width. It has a big promenade. It is a beach with accesibility for disabled people.
It is a sandy beach and shallow substrate, in which the tide fluctuation affects greatly the area available for use. It can be considered an urban beach in widespread use

by: Inge, Iraida, Irati and Garazi.

·GORBEA: In Basque it's called Gorbeia. Gorbea is located in Biscay and Alava, in the Basque mountains. It's one of the highest mountain in the Basque Country with a height of 1,482 meters. While you are doing the route to reach the top of Gorbea you have fantastic landscapes and places. Depending on what way you take to reach it you have different places; in the North, Supelegor cave, Atxular's Eye cave... At the top of Gorbea it has been constructed a 20 meters tall metallic cross to reach the attitude of 1,500 meters.

Every year, numerous of tourists reach the peak of Gorbea. One of the traditions of this mountain is to trek it the last day of the year and the first one. CRUZ DE GORBEA.jpg



The Basque Country is well known for its gastronomy; typical Basque dishes, famous chefs and the “pintxos” are the reason

for this. Lots of tourists come with the purpose of tasting the “marmitako” or having a meal in restaurants such as the Arzak or the Akelarre.

Gastronomy is, traditionally, a very important part of our culture since having a meal with family or friends is the typical celebration and every meeting takesplace around a table full of food. But, recently, a new type of Basque cuisine has appeared; a generation of chefs started experimenting and mixed both traditional dishes and modern cuisine to come up with the “New Basque Cuisine”. This cooking has been awarded with Michelin Stars and other prizes in the recent years; the Basque Country is the place with the highest number Michelin Stars per capita in the world.

The “pintxos” are also a very attractive part of our gastronomy. They are small dishes which are served in bars as snacks, but some of them can be compared with haute cuisine. In spite of being usual everywhere in the Basque Country, they are specially typical in Donostia.

The Basque Culinary Center
It opened in San Sebastián, Donosti in 2009.
The BCC has its foundations in two organisations: The Faculty of Gastronomic Sciences, part of Mondragon University; and a Research and Innovation Centre in the field of Food and Gastronomy.
It is one of the best Gastronomic Faculties as it has famous chefs as teachers, such as Arzak and Berasategui ( with three Michelin stars each).

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Balenciaga Museum

Cristóbal Balenciaga was born in Getaria in 1895 and soon became a worldwide known designer. He started his career in Donostia, then opened a boutique in Madrid and finally moved to Paris where he became a haute couture designer. Still today, he is considered a very important model in designing. The Balenciaga Museum is located in Getaria, where he was born more than a century ago, and exhibits a collection of his creations.

The Cuban architect Julián Argilagos was responsible for the volumetric and structural concept for the new building which annexes the Palacio. It is a large, long, curved space, trapezoidal in section, complete with an integrated floor-toceiling glass wall. Inside the building there are three suspended areas which house the galleries.

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Leisure Center

Another tourist attraction is the Azkuna Center; an old warehouse turned into a leisure center.
Inside it has a complete gym, a swimming pool in the last floor (where you can see people swimming because of the translucent panels), restaurants, shops, a library and also some exposition rooms as well as a cinema.
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Surfing in Mundaka
Mundaka is a town in the coast of Bizkaia, famous for its special wave and the various surf competitions that take place there every year.

This wave, considered as the best left wave in Europe, appears in front of the Laida beach and can reach 4m height and 400m length. Its tube form is an added value since it permits the surfers stare at the beach while surfing.

Mundaka hosts international competitions every year and has been the seat of the ASP World Tour for nine times. Famous surfers as Mark Occhilupo, Kelly Slater, Bobby Martínez or Adriano de Souza have surfed this wave. Not only professional surfers come to Mundaka for the surf, but also lots of tourists are attracted by the competitions and the charming town.

- What do you like most in your country?

We like the green landscapes,such as forests,the culture and the gastronomy.
Although our country is quite small, we have the luck of living in a mountainous area; and that is also one of the reasons why we don´t have so many skyscrapers ( there aren´t a lot of terraces to build them safely).
We are very close to the nature; in some festivities we go to the top of the mountain to celebrate them.
For example Santa Lucia is celebrated the 28 may; in the morning we go up to the hermitage of the mountain, there, we play with water pistols and after the lunch there is made a party with music to dance and some stalls which sell sweets... In the afternoon we take down to the town again.

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- What do you unlike most in your country?

It rains a lot and sometimes it is annoying. Our climate is atlantic, that it means that the temperatures are moderate and that it rains a lot.
It hasn't got any dry season, in all of them rains.

- What are your biggest city?

-Our biggest city is Bilbao


-The second one is Vitoria


and the third one San Sebastian.


By:Irene Bravo,Maialen Hidalgo,Maialen Etxebarria and Olatz Barroso.
Edited by: Iraida and Inge.

- What is your capital?

The capital of the Basque Country is Vitoria-Gasteiz. It's located in the northern of Spain, in the province of Alava. Also is the

capital of Alava. It's got a lot of atractions for the tourists; like, Cathedral of Santa Maria, Plaza de la Virgen Blanca... Vitoria-

Gasteiz is the first Spanish municipality to be awarded the title of European Green Capital, in 2012, and it's ranked as one of

the top 5 places to live in Spain. The mayor of Vitoria-Gasteiz is Javier Maroto. It's the largest city in the Basque Country, with a population of 242082 people, in 2014.



By: Eukene and Izaro.

- Where does the most people live in the country?

Most people in the Basque Country live in Bilbao and its outskirts, which are known as the Great Bilbao. Great Bilbao grew in the 19th century, when industrialization began. Several iron and steel companies appeared in Bilbao and its surroundings; the company rich owners moved in, and the workers started living in towns near the factories. Nowadays, the industry is not as important as it was in the past, but people keep living in the Great Bilbao and now work for the service sector. Besides, a lot of people live in Vitoria-Gasteiz and Donostia, other important capital cities, and in the coast.

- What transportation do you use to school?

Most of the people go walking, but people who come from Orozko (a village near Laudio) or from Areta (a district of Laudio) come by bus.

The companies which work with our school are called, Cuadra and Sobron.But,there are also peolple coming from Okendo,Miraballes or Arrankudiaga (some villages near our). They come in a little bus. Another ones come by train.

By: Paula,Naiane,Maite and Martzeli

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- Who is in charge in your country?

Iñigo Urkullu is in charge of the Basque Country since the 15th Decebember of 2012.

He was born the 18th September in 1961, in Alonsotegi (Biscay). He's 53 years old.

Iñigo is the 7th Lehendakari of our country, preceded by Patxi Lopez. He's from the political party EAJ-PNV. Urkullu graduated from the University of Deusto as a Basque teacher. He has been the Basque Nationalist Party chairman since 2008.



Questions about festivities(from the Netherlands)

  • How do you celebrate Christmas?

  • One of the most important Basque Christmas tradition is Olentzero, a charcoal-burner, who comes to town late at night on the 24th of December, to deliver presents for children. There are many variations to the Olentzero traditions and stories connected to him, sometimes varying from village to village. The first written account of Olentzero is from the 17th century. Around 1952, a folk group (Playing traditional songs and dancings) called "Irrintzi elkartea" from Zarautz (a town by the sea in the Basque Country) began to revive the Olentzero traditions and, soon, these traditions began to spread outside their town to the rest of the Basque Country.
Olentzero, the Basque Santa

Olentzero Parade last Xmas
Today Olentzero is celebrated all over the Basque Country and co-exists with theThreeWiseMen and Santa Claus. Nowadays, Olentzero is depicted as a lovable character, widely attributed to being over weight, having a huge appetite and thirst. He is depicted as a Basque peasant wearing a Basque beret, a farmer's attire with traditional abarka shoes and smoking a pipe. Sometimes his face is stained with charcoal, as a sign of histrade as a charcoal-burner. On Christmas Eve, groups of people or children carry effigies of Olentzero around on a chair through the streets, singing Olentzero carols.(Leire, Maider and Garazi)
  • What's new year like at your place?

  • Here, in the Basque Country, we celebrate new year meeting family to have lunch together and some people goes to the mountain like a tradition, for example, to a mountain called Gorbea. These day it isn´t so important here so people didn´t do special things. It has more importance new years eve, for example, when we eat twelve grapes and we do diferent partys. After that, some people usually throw fireworks.
Julene and Asier Rod.

  • Do you look for eggs at Easter ?

  • No, we don't look for eggs in Easter time, it's not typical. We celebrate the Holly Week. It starts on the Palm Sunday and finishes on the Resurrection Sunday. During the most inportant days it's represented how Jesus died, how he entered Jerusalem... There are parades in all towns and cities, but there are some of them that they're very popular. During those days we are on holidays.
    Parade in Bilbao during the Holy Week
  • Pentecost do you celebrate that ?
-Here in Laudio the second day of Easter we celebrate the Pentecost in a hermitage of a mountain called Santa Lucia (Saint Lucia)
  • Do you celebrate valentine's day with your love ?
-We don't celebrate valentine's day at all. Some people 'celebrate' it, I mean, the boy buys some chocolates to the girl and they spend the day together. But there aren't any special things for it, well, El Corte Inglés (this is a big shopping mall in Spain for clothes, food, etc) sells cards and stuff but we don't actually buy them. It's more comercial.
  • How about carnival do you celebrate that ?
-Here, in the Basque Country, carnivals are celebrated in almost all towns and cities. People take to the street their costumes. In the streets are parades and music. The most famous carnivals are the carnivals of Tolosa, Lantz, Zalduondo, San Sebastian, Mascarada and Altzazu. But the most iconic festivals are from Tolosa.
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Each town has its own carácter for each carnaval festivity. They are part of the mitology of the town and basque history. Here, in Laudio for example, we have the Witch of Letziaga. At the end of the carnivals, on Tuesday, they burn it.
There are more iconic characters like, "Mamuxarroak" or "Markitos". In the most famous festivities we can see "Zanpantzarrak". Zanpantzarrak are people dressed up with wool of sheep, a strage hat and a big bell. they go making noise among the streets.
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  • do you like summer time ?

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We are Andoni and Aiara and of course, we like summer time because we have a lot of festivities. In Laudio we celebrate San Roke.
Every day in our festivities there is something called ENCIERRO. Cows run after people until they arrive to the bull ring.Then, when all the small cows are in the bull ring,young people (between 3 (with parents) and 18 years) fight with them until the bulls can´t continue because of the tiredness. If something goes wrong with the bulls (if the bull catches a person) two people of the ambulance are in the bull ring and an ambulance and more specialised people are out waiting for them to treat.
The first day(15th August) in San Roke-ko jaiak (festivities) we celebrate the TXUPINAZO (the start of the festivities). All the group of friends in the town meet at the town square and one person throws a rocket. Once the festivities are started young people walks around the streets of the town asking for URA (water).
The second day (16th August) is the children day. The day is full of activities for the children such as: painting contests, bulls, different concerts, buruhandiak (people dressed up as big head people who go after the kids and hit them with sacs...)
The third day San Roquezar day (17th August) is devoted to “old people”. They pray at the church, there are concerts, and there is a “popular meal” organized by the Town hall...

In Laudio, after these three days of festivities there is a stop (people say it is for those who drink a lot to have a rest) and then, some days after the festivities start again.
The fourth day (27th August) is the Galic Day. This day there are Hockey tournaments and music concerts.
The following day (28th August) is the Groups Day. On this day, groups of young people have lunch together in the park.
The 29th August is the Villager Day. This day people sell typical Basque food, clothes...and those things in the principal street of Laudio. In the afternoon there are a lot of games for children.
The 30th August is the Blood Sausage Day. This day people have blood sausages for dinner; it is one of the most important day of the festivities. The blood sausagues are very common here in our town.
The last day, the 31th August is the Brotherhood day. This day the Brotherhood group organises a lunch in the Church porch.

We have a lo of festivities in summer and the first of them is San Juan.
We are Julen and Nagore and we are going to talk about the festivity of San Juan.
San Juan Gaua (St. John´s Night) is a really special night in the Basque Country,
when magic and old rituals join us in the shortest night of the year.
The Christian holy day is fixed at 24 June, but like many other festivities
it has pagan roots; that´s why we celebrate it the night before,
on St. John´s Eve. Fire is the most typical element assocuated
with the Saint John´s Eve celebration.
Bonfires are used in the Basque Country to celebrate San Juan Gaua,
which marks the Basque Summer Solstice, start of summer.
The night from 23rd to 24th of June is popularly known as the shortest of the year
and the arrival of summer solstice is celebrated.
In some towns the celebration is supplemented with more festivities and dances.
This festival is also a night of witches, magic and beliefs.
It is a very ancient Basque festival linked to multiple purification beliefs
to welcome the arrival of summer and to scare away evil spirits.
Alarge fire is made at night and the entire town comes together to drink,
laugh, drink and drink some more.
Here we aldo have a church on top of a mountain called San Juan
where all the town go there the night of the 23rd and a bonfire is made, there´s our typical place to celebrate it.
san juan.jpg

Another typical festivity in the Basque Country is Agate Deuna ( Santa Águeda in spanish ). We are Imanol and Sergio and we are going to tell you about Agate Deuna.
Agate Deuna is a religious basque festivity celebrated in February 5th to honor a christian saint called Santa Águeda de Catania.
In this day it's tipical to make groups of people ( "cuadrillas" in basque ) and going through the streets of your town or city, stoping in front of every door and singing traditional basque songs to earn money for different causes. They also carry sticks to hit the ground rythmically to follow the singers with that rythm.
The songs are in basque and they´re called coplas, this songs are to remember the saint, that died for christianity, or they have more human topics. People of all ages sing this songs nowadays.
These are the most important "coplas":
1.-Aintzaldun daigun Agate Deuna
bihar da ba Deun Agate
etxe honetan zorion hutsa
betiko euko al dabe.
Santa Ageda bezpera dugu
Euskal Herriko eguna
etxe guztiak kantuz
aukeratua duguna.

2.-Zorion etxe hontako denoi!
Oles egitera gatoz,
aterik ate ohitura zaharra
aurten berritzeko asmoz.
Ez gaude oso aberats diruz,
ezta ere oinetakoz.
Baina eztarriz sano gabiltza,
ta kanta nahi degu gogoz.

You won't understand them but at least we made an effort searching for them <3

Nah it's a joke, the first one says that that tomorrow is the Agate Deuna, and they hope that this house will have happiness forever and they selected this day to sing to the Basque Country. And the second one says that they come like every year door by door and that they don't have much money but they have a good voice and they want to sing.

Here are some photos to understand it better:
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What are the favourite healty food mostly consumed in your country ?
Marmitako (it is made with potatoes, tuna,
pepers and different codiments)

·KOKOTXAS (in Basque) or CHEEKS of HAKE:
They are usually prepared with green sauce, parsley and white wine.

At winter is very a common dish Porrusalda.
It is made with leeks, potatoes and carrots.
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Bacalao al pil-pil (it is made with cod, chilli, garlic and oil)

·PINTXO (in Basque) or PINCHO: it’s a small snack,
especially eaten in bars or taverns.
It’s made of a small slice of bread and
an ingredient or a mixture of ingredients.
They are usually eaten accompanied by
a small glass of white wine (called txikito) or beer (zurito).
it’s a typical Basque dish. It’s made of onion,
green peppers, tomatoes and flavoured with
red Espelette pepper. You can add egg, garlic and ham.
The colours of this dish reflect the colours of
the Basque Country (red, green and white).
·TALO (in Basque): it’s a typical food of the Basque Country,
similar to the corn omelette. It’s made of corn flour and water
(it’s cooked in a warm metal plank). It can be eaten with txistorra
(a type of thin chorizo), fried pancetta or with cheese,
accompanied with a glass of txakoli.

it’s one of the most typical dishes.
It’s made of hake with green sauce
(garliç, parsley, salt and olive oil) and clams.
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it's a typical dessert in the Basque Country.
It's made of a bun (made with a mass of puff-pastry) with almonds,
hazelnuts and landfill of cream. It's decorated with sugar glacé.
It's recommended to taste warm.

Have you got any special food prepared for your festivals in your country ?

·GOXUA or GOSHÚA (in Spanish):
it's a dessert make of cream, cake, pastry cream and liquid caramel.
Potatoe's omelette it's made with eggs and potatoes.
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At Christmas is very tipical a desser called Intxaur saltsa.
It is made by nuts, milk and honey.
Txintxorta is a special sweet bread made with flour,
sugar, lard and cinnamon.
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they are eaten the 29th August
because it's the main day in our festivities.
This day, people wear typical Basque clothes,
eat typical food...

What is your most famous dish ?

One of our most favourites dishes is called:

Txipiroiak. They are squids or calamars

and we prepare them in their own black ink.

They are delicious!!!


Another very famous dish is called "Bakalao al pil-pil" it is dry cod fish and we prepared it with olive oil and garlic.

We have also invented many desserts


It is a bread roll made of a puff pastry and almond dough;

and stuffed of custard. It is usually decorated with powdered sugar.

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Carolina (Bilbao)

They are made up of a puff pastry tartlet filled with custard or coconut,
and a big crown of meringue decorated with a topping of chocolate and yolk.
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Bollo de mantequilla - butter bread roll (Bilbao)

It is a kind of swiss bread roll or brioche halved and filled with a layer of
cream of butter. It is decorated with powdered sugar.
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Pastel ruso - Russian cake

It is a thin sponge cake of almond meringue, filled with a butter,
almond and hazelnut praliné
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What is your favourite vegetable dish?

The piperrada is our favourite vegetable dish. It´s made of onion, green peppers, tomatoes and flavoured with red Espelette pepper. You can add more vegetables that you like to make it better.

Which fruits do you eat in your country?

We eat lots of different fruits, from here and from other countries.The most common ones are oranges,bananas,apples and strawberries.Normally people don´t eat lots of fruit because they don´t like them although they are very healthy.

By:Irene Bravo.

What are the healty foods in your opinion?
Vegetables and fruits because they have got a lot of vitamins and they give you a lot of energy. Meet, eggs and fish are healthy food too, because it has proteins. In general all the food is good, but you have to know how much to it of each thing.

What do you understand from the world healty nutrition?

A healthy nutrition means a balanced diet that provides us with the different types of nutrients our bodiesneed. No single food contains all the essential nutrients the body needs to be healthy and function efficiently and we have to have a varied diet to get all of them.

A healthy diet should provide us with the right amount of energy to maintain energy balance. Energy balance means that the calories taken in from the diet are equal to the calories used by the body for walking or moving and for processes like breathing, pumping blood around the body and even thinking. To achieve a balanced diet we have to take into account our age, sex and the level of physical activity.

Foods are classified into different groups depending on the nutrients they provide us with (proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals). We should combine things from all the groups in order to achieve a balanced diet and to be healthy.

  • Between 15% and 20% of the nutrients should be proteins. They are in charge of building and regenerating the muscle tissue and the transportation of other nutrients such as fats. These proteins should come from fish and vegetables, avoiding an excessive consumption of red meat.
  • Between 25% and 30% should be fats. These nutrients are used by our body mainly to produce energy and can easily be stored in adipose tissue.
  • Between 50% and 60% should be carbohydrates. As fats, carbohydrates are used by the body to produce energy. More than the half of these carbohydrates should be complex, and we should avoid sugars contained in pastries and fast food.

Finally, vitamins and minerals are also very important components of our diet. Although they do not provide us with energy they are necessary for our body in order to work properly. They have antioxidant effects, regulate our body functions and avoid some illnesses such as cancer. Vitamins and minerals are contained by different types of food, especially in fruits and vegetables.
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Blanca Atxa Ainz

What are the affects of fast food to the balanced and adequate nutrition?
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Fast food has become really popular in the last years due to the fact that it is very cheap, tasty and convenient, but regularly eating this type of food brings about lots of health problems. Fast food contains high contents of trans fat, sugar, sodium and other additives which make it appetising and addictive and it lacks vitamins and minerals, necessary for our bodies.

Sugar’s and fat’s high calorie input often causes overweight problems which can lead to respiratory illnesses, problems in the gallbladder, arthritis, depression and a decrease in our life quality. Besides, 80% of people suffering type 2 diabetes has overweight or is obese. Obesity is connected to type 2 diabetes since the cause of both illnesses is the excessive consumption of sugars. Although fast food does not cause diabetes, it creates a resistance to insulin a which is directly connected with the illness.

Fast food is also the cause of different cardiovascular diseases. The excessive sodium consume can raise the blood pressure causing hypertension, a dangerous problem since it is one of the causes for a heart attack. Cholesterol and other types of fats found in this type of food are also the cause of arteriosclerosis. This condition brings about the thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of the walls of arteries and gradually restricts the blood flow to one's organs and tissues.

In addition, fat food contains trans fats which make the food tasty and addictive. Trans fats are a type ofunsaturated fats which are uncommon in nature but became commonly produced industrially from vegetable fats and are used in the preparation of fast food. In food production, liquid unsaturated fats such as vegetable oils are hydrogenated to produce trans fats. This chemical alteration also changes the nutritional properties of these fats, making them a risk since they cause coronary heart disease and other illnesses.

In conclusion, fast food is not a risk if we enjoy it from time to time, but, if we make an excessive consumption of it, it will become the worse enemy for our health.

Blanca Atxa Ainz

Who are your famous scientists ?
One of the most famous scientist is Pedro Miguel Etxenike. He have got a lot of international awards and recognitions, like the Max Planck of Science,the Liberpress Camins or theScience Dupont...
Also is important Jose Migel Barandiaran. He wrote interesting anthropological studies.
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Pedro Miguel Etxenike Jose Miguel Barandiaran

What is your most famous football team ?

Athletic Club De Bilbao is our most famous football team, it foundated in 1898 and the stadium is San Mames.

What are the most common sports activities in your country ?

There is a number of popular sport called Herri Kirolak. Among them, the most populars are Soka-tira (there are two teams, one at each end of the rope, they have to pull the rope and the team that drags the other wins), Harrijasotzea (it consist in lift stones with diferent weight a number of times in a determined time), Aizkoraketa (You have to cut trunks with an axe fast).
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Esku pilota is one of the most usuall sport here in the Basque Country. The basque ball consist in throwing a ball against a wall and then another player does the same and so on.
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What are your most important historical places ?


Gernika tree is one of the most important historial places because it has got a meaning for the Basque people.

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- Iruñea is an another place because it was the capital of the old Basque kingdon.

Do you choose a representative student with election in your school ?

Every two years, at the start, we do elections and we choose 8 students to organise strikes or events like that. The people that wants to participate, present themselves and we vote whoever we want and then teachers count the votes. The eight ones that have the highest number of votes enter in the school council.